The Binocular Vision develops in Infancy
The binocular vision is not congenital. Only the basis is present at birth. The binocular vision is created and developed during the first years of life.
We have two eyes, that are controlled by the brain. In order to have a well-functioning binocular vision, the two eyes must be able to work together as a top trimmed and well-coordinated team. This means, they must hit and adjust precisely the same point and be able to move quickly and identically despite, where they look. When we read, it happens primarily with the vision, which also is the most important reference point in the world of sport.
If erroneous information is passed on from the vision to the brain, neither the reader, the driver nor the athletic are able to use their potentials fully- simply because the basic information is wrong.
As we use much of our day in front of different screens, there is a demand for an enduring and fine-tuned cooperation between the eyes- the binocular vision. The binocular vision is optimized with the help of the TrainYourEyes training.
The Binocular Vision consists of different Parts
The eyes are used for many different tasks during the day. Therefore, it is important, they function optimally together. The pair of eyes must be able to solve many sorts of tasks:
Have to assure, that the eyes are aligned, so that what, we are looking at, hits a very small area of the retina. At the same the eye movements must compensate for head/ body movements. The saccade eye movements are the rapid movements, that are partly used to perceive the world and partly are used to move the eyes, when reading. The smooth pursuit-eye movements are used to follow an object in motion as well as to change line, when reading.
Accommodation - Focus
Quickly create and restore a distinct and clear image, when shifting focus from a close object to an object far away.
Vergens - fiksering
The fine tuning of the eye fixation so that single and not double/image with shadows is seen.
Depth Vision - 3D-vision
Merging of the two different images from the eyes into a single image with depth- also used for distance assessment. To be able to see 3D requires the eyes to hit the exact same spot (vergence), and the lenses` strength to be adjusted simultaneously (accommodation)
The Binocular Vision is Important for the Learning
Many schoolchildren walk around with undetected visual problems, including problems with the binocular vision. For example, many will experience, that the children do not detect, that anything is wrong, because vision is not anything, they can compare with others.
Impaired vision in children can have major consequences both inside and outside the classroom, as vision is the child`s most important tool for learning.
It is therefore important, that you as a parent pay close attention to, whether the child shows signs of binocular problems-rubs his eyes a lot, has headaches, has difficulty reading for a long period at one time and becomes unconcentrated – as well as to whether the child occasionally has double vision. Do you want to know more about visual therapy, then read here.